Is well known among researchers and specialists in Islamic architecture building 1 that the current Al-Aqsa Mosque Al-Aqsa Mosque is the second, since the first Al-Aqsa Mosque (the old) is the one which was built by Caliph Omar ibn Al-Khattab (13-23 AH / 634-644 AD), after the conquest Islamic Jerusalem in 15 AH / 636 AD (2), where he was based in the south-east of the Haram al-Sharif, which excel built simple micro, and it seems that the mosque did not hold for too long before the natural factors affecting fluctuations in order to Inchaiith primitive, even by the Umayyads and the establishment of Al Aqsa Mosque current.
Memory of Al-Aqsa Mosque fire atheist in ten of the June 1967 Israel has demolished the Moroccan Quarter adjacent to the Western Wall of Al Aqsa Mosque after a period of 24 hours, given to the population of the evacuation of the neighborhood; where Arab were expelled 650 of the Moroccan Quarter, which he froze them better Ayyubid king in the thirteenth century AD was also 3 expelled thousands of Arabs in the hot Honor, which is called as the "Jewish Quarter" and demolished the Moroccan Quarter seized the Jews at the Western Wall of the mosque - the Wailing Wall - and shot him falsely "Wailing Wall" and have expanded his prosecution arena.
Lubna Al-Aqsa Mosque of the Umayyad caliph Walid ibn Abd al-Malik (AH 86-96 / 705-715 AD) (3), in the period between (AH 90-96 / AD 709-714) was confirmed by the documents papyrus (papyrus), which contained correspondence between Kara Ben partner Agent Umayyad Egypt (AH 90-96 / AD 709-714) and one of the rulers of Upper Egypt, which included an account of expenses of workers who participated in the Al Aqsa Mosque, which confirms that the Al-Aqsa Mosque is built Caliph al-Walid bin Abdul Malik.
Aqsa mosque consists of a large middle gallery is on marble columns stretching from north to south, is covered by Gable coated colors of lead and south ends of the dome body and a great spectacle, spherical shape based on four stone pillars topped with stone four decades, resulting in four corner triangles to be the rule that holds the neck of the dome and the dome itself, which consists of floors (domes: such as the Dome of the Rock), interior and exterior, decorated the interior decoration of the magnificent mosaics, or from the outside has been covered with gold-plated copper plates (such as the Dome of the Rock), but newly replaced sheets of lead, and that unnecessary repair work that has been at the hands of the Reconstruction Committee of the Dome of the Rock and Al Aqsa Mosque.
portico and flanked both sides of the East of the western and eastern corridors of the three on each side was parallel to it and less increase it. The galleries, located in the western part, was covered Baloaqbip cross phones on contract and stone pillars that were created in the Mamluk period. The eastern part was covered with concrete ceilings and columns based on decades of stone, renovated and rebuilt at the hands of the Supreme Islamic Council (1938-1943 m) (4) (see Panel 3).
And enter the Aqsa Mosque through seven, which opened its doors on the façade North, which lead to one of the seven corridors of the mosque, this leads north façade mentioned and other interface is a portico was added in the Ayyubid period, which runs from east to west, consisting of seven decades, based on the stone pillars, stone. Instead of the seven sections, the open the doors in each other from the west and east of the mosque, and one door on the south side and in later periods
As for what happened on 21 August 1969 and to now say: by the Israeli authorities have exercised arbitrary policy toward al-Aqsa Mosque and the holy city; they have launched in early 1969 to remove the Mughrabi neighborhood adjacent to the mosque as a whole and many of the demolished mosques and Islamic schools which was founded during the reign of the Umayyad Dynasty. and since the Israeli occupation of Jerusalem and complete in 1967, the occupation authorities to demolish all the buildings and Islamic archeological around Al-Aqsa Mosque to change and the removal of Islamic landmarks that characterize the city. The action of criminal Israeli roads within the Muslim cemetery near the Haram al-Sharif, where washed away a number of them, including the tomb of compassion and Yusufiya, by taking on other sites in Jerusalem and converted into military barracks, Zionism. Did not stop attempted attacks by Jewish extremists on Al-Aqsa mosque days have the mosque to offer a series of attacks, the last is a cornerstone of the so-called third alleged structure is not only part of the planned program aims eventually to take over the holy places. Were also closed a window in Soralamsadjad-Aqsa, which was used for ventilation in August 1999 and this is a serious violation and aggression against one of the most sacred Islamic Hmaalajra of Israel is aimed to give the impression that they are solely responsible for religious shrines, but this is incompatible with the principles of the law and all resolutions of the Security Council and General Assembly United Nations Special City of Jerusalem occupied in violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention. in a series of attacks and also what he made forty Jews in 1979 and by attempting to storm the mosque and pray inside, and, although Israeli judge has issued a ruling acquitted all. In the twenty-seventh of January 1982 there was another attempt to blow up the region the surrounding Al-Aqsa Mosque in order to allow the establishment of Israel by the Third Temple. On January 14, 1989, some members of the Knesset through the process of provocative reading the so-called mercy Bmekds inside Al Aqsa Mosque, had aroused the anger of Palestinian Muslims and push the President of the Supreme Islamic claim to the expulsion of members of the Knesset, but Israeli policemen have enabled the Israeli delegation to complete the visit and the seventh of January of the same year broke into the thirty Jewish members of the Movement "Mco Beniahm extremist" al-Aqsa mosque after a religious ceremony held by the Movement for alleged commemoration of the reunification of Jerusalem. It is the most dangerous Israeli actions are attempts to Judaize the city of Jerusalem is far from using legitimate methods included the confiscation of Palestinian land and property and the practice of methods of oppression and terror against the population of Arabs and Muslims for Judaizing the entire city and attempts to Tahjiralehud of the world and settled in Jerusalem and even considered the capital of Israel and the continuation of the Israeli policy of alienating Muslims and oppressed and intimidated by the settlers in February 1994 of committing a massacre against unarmed worshipers of Palestinians in the Ibrahimi Mosque City Rahman Khalil in the West Bank that killed scores of dead and hundreds wounded. The anniversary of Al-Aqsa Mosque fire to confirm that the city of Jerusalem sacramentals will remain an Arab and Islamic identity, whatever the occupation authorities tried to change the landmarks of the city and resettle thousands of Jews by the Security Council stressed in its decision issued in June 80 that the principle of the acquisition of territory by force is unacceptable Kmacd opposition of hostilities by Israel in the Holy City and the Council condemned in the same year, considering the annexation of Jerusalem as its capital and called on all States to move their diplomatic missions from the Holy City.
The statement, issued by the Security Council in June 1998 for the first time unanimously to prevent Israel from Jerusalem to expand the evidence the violation by Israel of the resolutions of international legitimacy. The uprising began last week after the provocative visit by Likud leader Ariel Sharon at the head of an extremist religious group to the Al Aqsa Mosque, Israeli forces did not stop it but have to turn a mosque near the city of Nablus in the occupied Palestine into a Jewish synagogue by a group of Jewish settlers a measure falls within the history of the worst practices despicable grown accustomed occupation against holy places Kaatdaih the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock and the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron and the Mosque of Omar Ibn al Khattab in Jerusalem and other Almsa